December 19, 2012 § 1 Comment
Logic shows that the universal applicability of moral obligations makes it impossible for them to have developed through Naturalistic Evolution.
1. Some humans hold that moral obligations evolve.
2. Moral obligations that evolved in humans should only be applied to humans.
3. Humans apply moral obligations to humans and also to intelligent beings in the universe including God, whether real or imaginary.
4. Humans do not apply moral obligations exclusively to humans.
5. Therefore, humans who hold that moral obligations evolved are inconsistent.
Put in a more Aristotelian way…
Major premise: Moral obligations are universal.
Minor premise: Moral obligations produced by Evolution cannot be universal.
Conclusion: Evolution did not produce moral obligations.
Deductive reasoning also demonstrates that Evolution could not have turned non-moral action into moral action.
1. Humans had a beginning.
2. Humans are moral beings, performing moral good.
3. A first morally good act performed by humans must have existed.
4. The first morally good act was morally good by a pre-existing standard.
5. Therefore, moral good must have existed before the first human moral act.
For more on these lines of reasoning, see Proof of an External Source for Human Morality.